The following articles and academic papers are all concerned exclusively, or mainly, with Muybridge. Information about the man and his work may be found in hundreds of other books and articles on related subjects - including landscape photography, chronophotography, stereoscopic photography, and painting (19th century, and modern art). For details of many of these sources, see:
* the bibliography in Harlan Hamilton's ''Les allures du Cheval'' Eadweard Muybridge's Contribution to the Motion Picture, Film Comment, Fall 1969.

News items and articles in period (pre-1904) newspapers and photographic magazines and journals are excluded from this list; however, many of these appear in the main chronology, accessible from the Home Page.

See also Online articles section.

Modern (post-1970) articles
Articles pre-1970

Modern (post-1970) articles.

Anonymous articles

Eadweard Muybridge: Doing the Locomotion
After Dark: The National Magazine of Entertainment, Vol. 9, No. 9, January 1977.
bookseller quote:
Although not described as a "gay magazine", After Dark regularly covered topics of interest to the gay community. It regularly used images of nude or partially nude men for its cover and article illustrations. Some of the illustrations related directly to the subject of the article, but others seemed to be used just for their nudity or partial nudity.

The Washington Times, August 16, 1992.

Photography's power was demonstrated last summer during the flap over a work by conceptual artist Sol LeWitt. Merry Foresta is understandably recluctant to discuss the episode. "It was a difficult time here," she says. The photograph, called "Muybridge 1," had been scheduled to be included in the Museum of American Art's "Eadweard Muybridge and Contemporary American Photography."

Constructing the set to recreate the famous Eadweard Muybridge galloping horse picture, this time with Olympus digital cameras. - Analysis.
The British Journal of Photography, no. 7342, (2001): 9.

Freeze frames - ON VIEW - Eadweard Muybridge, Harold Edgerton and Jonathan Shaw contribute to a group show dealing with time as captured by the camera.
The British Journal of Photography, no. 7446, (2003): 25

NEWS - Muybridge feat to be recreated.
The British Journal of Photography. no. 7499, (2004): 6.

'Retro-invention' of Muybridge's first Palo Alto experiment at Ham Polo Ground, October 2, 2004.
Terry King, online here.

Assignment - Marking the centenary of the death of Eadweard Muybridge with a recreation of his most famous experiment.
The British Journal of Photography, no. 7514, (2005): 31.

Exposure - What Happens Next? Image by Eadweard Muybridge, courtesy of Kingston Museum.
The British Journal of Photography, (9 January, 2008): 9.

Muybridge Technique (Notebooks, etc)
Notes on Photographs George Eastman House.

The Muybridge Portal Project
Kingston Museum News No.60 January 2010

Articles, by author

Native American life in Yosemite Valley. A trip into early Yosemite American Indian life. Ahwahnee's blog. 2006-07-07
Free access Online here.

Jan Baetens,
Muybridge with(out) Marey. Rereading Aaron Scharf's Art and Photography Image [&] Narrative - Online Magazine of the Visual Narrative Published: July 2000
Free access Online here.

Jean Baird,
Revelation, Occlusion and Some Serious Misunderstandings. [Article on Jonathan Shaw and Muybridge / Marey]. Possibly also a chapter, in the exhibition catalogue: (Re)Collect: Jonathan Shaw, (various authors), (Leeds : Pavilion 2006), pp. 33-37. ISBN: 9780954477523 - ISBN: 0-9544775-2-9
A Google search of the article title will possibly find a free download.

Sally Blundell,
Come up and see my etchings of a lunatic
New Zealand Listener : Arts & Books. June 26-July 2 2004 Vol 194 No 3346. [Review of art exhibition EADWEARD'S WORST NIGHTMARES, by Barry Cleavin, Papergraphica, Christchurch.]
Free access Online here.

Marta Braun,
Muybridge le magnifique.
Traduction par Thierry Gervais et AndrŽ Gunthert. Etudes photographiques, No.10 Novembre 2001.
Access here (Payment required).

Marta Braun,
Muybridge's Animal Locomotion: The Director's Cut.
History of Photography, 24, Part 1 (2000): 52-53.

Marta Braun; E Whitcombe,
Marey, Muybridge, and Londe: The Photography of Pathological Locomotion.
History of Photography, 23, no. 3, (1999): 218-224.

Marta Braun,
Muybridge's Scientific Fictions
Studies in Visual Communication 10.3 (Summer 1984), 2-22. [Note: reference sometimes given as 10.1]

E. H. Brown,
Racialising the Virile Body: Eadweard Muybridge's Locomotion Studies 1883-1887.
Gender and History, 17, no. 3, (2005): 627-656.
subscription download from:;jsessionid=2iv8usum33wwk.alexandra

William A. Bullough,
Eadweard Muybridge and the Old San Francisco Mint: Archival Photographs as Historical Documents.
California History Vol. LXVIII no.1/2 Spring Summer 1989.

David Campany,
Moving with the Times.
Tate Etc. Issue 20, Autumn 2010.
Article about Muybridge, to coincide with the Tate Britain exhibition.

Brad Carlile,
Portland's August First Thursday Gallery Openings. Muybridge, Futurists, Cubists, and more. Aug 16th, 2008.
Free access Online here.

Justin Carville,
Time and Duration in the Photographic Image: Muybridge, Marey and their Influence on Francis Bacon.
Paper delivered at Francis Bacon Symposia, Municipal Museum of Modern Art, Dublin Feb. 12th 2002. [unpublished]

H. Chester,
A Day at the Races: Eadweard Muybrudge - On the Tate Britain Exhibition
RPS Journal Vol.150, No.10, 2011: 624-627.

Ian Christie,
examines the legacy of Victorian photographic pioneer Eadweard Muybridge
Sight and sound Vol.20, issue 10, 2010: 10.

Helen Clarke
Kingston celebrates its 'father of cinematography'
The Hounslow Chronicle online edition 10 March 2010
Online Access Here.

Peta Cook,
[article about Muybridge by Kingston Museum Curator]
Surrey History, Volume VIII, 2009.

Tara May Culpin,
Hometown show sends Eadweard Muybridge heritage from Kingston to Washington DC
Culture 24 online 25 March 2010
Free access Online here.

Cathy Curtis,
ART REVIEW ; Lapse of Judgment; It's Still Eadweard Muybridge--but...
Los Angeles Times Apr 14, 1998

....Right. But you won't find any of those images at the Muybridge exhibition at the Orange County Museum of Art in Newport Beach.

Robert Davis,
"Bullet Time" ... in the late 19th century
Paste Magazine, November 6, 2006
Free access Online here.

Michelle Anne Delaney,
Freeze Frame: Eadweard Muybridge's Photography of Motion.
Technical report. National Museum of American History, 2000.

Michelle Anne Delaney (and Merry Foresta),
History through Primary Sources: Every Picture Has a Story.
Smithsonian in Your Classroom, Spring 2004.
Excellent introduction to photography and its history, includes much on Muybridge.
Free access Online here.

Jean Detheux,
Notes from the Underground Part Five - Escaping Muybridge's Curse (Can We?). [Jean Detheux continues his series on the nature of art and draws us to understand that perhaps mimicking reality isn't a true representation of the world.]
Animation World, 24 January 2003.
Free access Online here.

Paul A. Falconer,
Muybridge's window to the past : a wet plate view of San Francisco in 1877.
California History. Vol. 57, no. 2 (summer 1978) p.130-157.

Hollis Frampton,
Eadweard Muybridge: fragments of a Tesseract.
Artforum (March, 1973)

On the Next Wave. v 1, no 1, Oct 1983, p 13-17. illus. [this ref not confirmed]
Version from Circles of Confusion, Film. Photography. Video. Texts 1968-1980 (Rochester: Visual Studies Workshop Press 1972) p.69-80. Free access Online here.

P. Fuller,
Notable Names in Medical Illustration: Eadweard James Muybridge.
Journal of Audivisual Media in Medicine [Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine], 21, no. 4, (1998): 140-142.
You may purchase this 3-page article online for just 69 Euros.

Peter W. W. Fuller,
Life and work of Eadweard Muybridge [3516-02].
Proceedings - SPIE The International Society for Optical Engineering, no. 3516, Part 1 (1998-99): 4-14.

Jeremy Glazier,
Freud, on the Orient Express . Images from Muybridge.
Western Humanities Review, 61, no. 1, (2007): 96-97 [Salt Lake City, University of Utah Press].

Blake Gopnik,
Muybridge's Canter through Cental America
[Review of exhibition "Eadweard Muybridge: The Central American Journey," at the Smithsonian American Art Museum]
Washington Post March 1, 2007; Page C01
Free access Online here.

Sarah Gordon,
Prestige, Professionalism, and the Paradox of Eadweard Muybridge's Animal Locomotion Nudes.
The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 130, no. 1, (January 2006): 79 [Philadelphia] Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

SA Gordon,
Sanctioning the nude: Production and reception of Eadweard Muybridge's 'Animal Locomotion', 1887
by Gordon, Sarah Anne, PhD, NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY , 2006, 417 pages; 3213061

Sarah Gordon,
Out of Sequence: Suspended and Spectacular Bodies in Eadweard Muybridge's Animal Locomotion Series.
'The Instant'. Rene Thoreau Bruckner, editor, Spectator 28:2 (Fall 2008): 5-9.

Gary Gumbert and Susan Drucker,
Real or Not Real? The Digital Game.
Media Ethics online, Spring 2007 (18:2), pp.11,30-33. [Muybridge's ground-breaking work was directly linked to the study of locomotion and later to the development of motion pictures. Muybridge's 1860s landscape photographs of Yosemite and Guatemala are impressive. But our appreciation of this photographic pioneer was recently shattered when we read Rebecca Solnit's River of Shadows....]
Free access Online here.

Charles Hagen,
Eadweard Muybridge Revisited, With Others.
Published: March 6, 1992. [For a brief moment last summer, "Motion and Document -- Sequence and Time: Eadweard Muybridge and Contemporary American Photography" flared into prominence...]
Free access Online here.

George Hall,
Muybridge Mystery Photograph of Arizona Camp Grant Massacre Trial - 1871.
website Silent Movies.
Free access Online here.

Hermann Hecht,
Muybridge and the Stereoscopic Moving Picture.
The Stereoscopic Society Bulletin June 1976, No.54.

James E. Henley,
The Muybridge photographic assignment.
Sacramento History : Journal of the Sacramento County Historical Society, Vol. IV no. 2 & 3 (2004). The Muybridge photographic assignment article contains approximately 19 stereographs which were taken from prints made from the original colloidian negatives in the Stanford University Archives and printed by special arrangement at the Sacramento Archives and Museum Collection Center. Also in this issue:
* Amasa Leland Stanford : reformer, abolitionist, merchant, railroad entrepreneur, governor, senator, and founder of a university / by Walter P. Gray III
* The curious architectural evolution of the Stanford Mansion, by Pat Turse and Leslie Hartzell
* The Stanfords' 1872 dining room : impressions of Victorian tastes, by Mary A. Helmrich
* Carpets and gas lamps, by Jay Correia.

Stephen Herbert,
Quick Change: Muybridge's patented slide-changer.
The New Magic Lantern Journal Vol. 9 No.2, Summer 2002.

Charlotte Higgins,
Motion, mountains, murder: dramatic life of pioneer who captured movement.
The Guardian 28 April 2010, 9.
Article promoting forthcoming exhibition at Tate Britain.

Paul Hill; Stephen Herbert,
Eadweard Muybridge and the Kingston Museum bequest.
Film History, 10, no. 1, (1998): 98-107.
Online here (subscription).

Liz Jobey,
Pictures of a revolution. Liz Jobey on Motion Studies, Rebecca Solnit's attempt to put Eadweard Muybridge at the centre of 19th century perception of time and space.
Guardian, 26 April 2003.
Free access Online here.

J. R. K. Kantor,
Muybridge views of Berkeley in 1874.
California History, v. 57, no. 4, Winter 1978/79.
JSTOR here:

Terry King,
Assignment. Terry King and Hands-On-Pictures helped celebrate the centenary of Eadweard Muybridge's death by re-enacting his first experiment in freeze-motion imaging....
British Journal of Photography, vol. 152, 2005, p. 31.

Hilton Kramer,
Muybridge, A Pioneer in Photography.
New York Times, May 11, 1973. p.24, 844 words

Amy Lawrence,
Counterfeit Motion: The Animated Films of Eadweard Muybridge.
Film Quarterly, 57, no. 2 (Winter 2003-04): 15-25
Since the 1970s, filmmakers have transformed Eadweard Muybridge's "motion study" photographs into moving images. Those who position Muybridge as a "father of cinema" disguise the extent of the work needed to achieve a flawless illusion of motion. Others foreground the creativity involved, challenging both Muybridge-as-icon and cinema-as-we-know-it.
Available to JSTOR subscribers here.

D.J. Lanska, J. Renda,
The Muybridge-Dercum collaboration for motion picture recording of neurologic disorders.
Neurology 2004, 62 (Suppl. 5):A199

Julian 'Bud' Lesser,
1879 - The Moving Image Is Born.
The American Cinematographer 69 (March 1988): 34-40.

Kim Masters Washington Post Staff Writer,
[re: Sol Lewitt's artwork 'Muybridge I']
Washington Post July 17, 1991; Page c1. Section: STYLE . Word Count: 599
Visitors to the National Museum of American Art had plenty to say in comment books about museum Director Elizabeth Broun's decision to remove a work by artist Sol LeWitt from a photography exhibit, "Eadweard Muybridge and Contemporary American Photography". The show is replete with images of nudes -- male and female. But Broun had removed the LeWitt piece last month because she believed viewing it was a "degrading" experience...

July 16, 1991; Page b1. Section: STYLE . Word Count: 1262
The Smithsonian's National Museum of American Art has restored a 1964 work by Sol LeWitt to a photography exhibit after Director Elizabeth Broun reversed her decision to remove the piece because viewing it was "degrading". Broun's initial decision prompted the show's organizers at the Addison Gallery in Andover, Mass., to accuse her of censoring their exhibit, "Eadweard Muybridge and Contemporary American Photography."...

July 15, 1991; Page b3. Section: STYLE . Word Count: 415
Sol LeWitt, the artist whose 1964 creation has touched off the latest art world battle over alleged censorship, said yesterday he is "absolutely flabbergasted" that the director of the Smithsonian's National Museum of American Art is offended by the work. Museum Director Elizabeth Broun pulled LeWitt's tribute to 19th century photographer Eadweard Muybridge from a NMAA show....

July 13, 1991; Page c1. Section: STYLE . Word Count: 880
Most of the living artists represented in an exhibition at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American Art want to withdraw their works to protest the museum's decision to remove one piece because of its content, according to the organizers of the show Jock Reynolds, director of the Addison Gallery in Andover, Mass., and one of the curators of the exhibit, wants the show closed....

Washington Post July 12, 1991; Page f1. Section: STYLE . Word Count: 1113
The organizers of an exhibit at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American Art have asked the museum to close the show immediately because Museum Director Elizabeth Broun removed a work that she considers "degrading." The 1964 piece by artist Sol LeWitt is a narrow oblong black box with 10 tiny apertures through which the viewer sees images of an advancing nude female torso. Broun said yesterday that viewing the work is "an embarrassing or humiliating experience" reminiscent of watching a peep show. Broun said she will not comply with the request to close the exhibit, "Eadweard Muybridge and Contemporary American Photography," scheduled to remain at the museum through Sept. 8....

Janine A. Mileaf,
Poses for the Camera: The Muybridge Motion Studies, 1884-1885
American Art 16, No.3 (Fall 2002), 30-35.

J. Morgan,
Eadweard Muybridge and W. S. Playfair: An Aesthetics of Neurasthenia.
History of Photography, 23, no. 3, (1999): 225-231

Victoria Olsen,
Indelible Images - Man of Action - Eadweard Muybridge's heart- (and hoof-) stopping image of a trotting horse not only answered a hotly debated question but revolutionized photography.
Smithsonian, 35, no. 6, (2004): 20.

John Ott,
Iron Horses: Leland Stanford, Eadweard Muybridge, and the Industrialised Eye.
Oxford Art Journal, 28, no. 3, (2005): 407-428.

Stephanie Pain,
When pioneering photography filled the theatres.
New Scientist 9 February 2008, p.52-53
Associated video here.
(aka) The Eadweard Muybridge cartoon show.
Eccentric Victorian Eadweard Muybridge is celebrated for his freeze-frame photography, but he was also a pioneer of big-screen animation.

Timo Tauno Pajunen,
Eadweard Muybridge.
Camera Jan and Feb 1973. [Hendricks says 'considerable subjective and objective error in pseudo-scholarly setting.']

Peter E. Palmquist,
Imagemakers of the Modoc War: Louis Heller and Eadweard Muybridge
The Journal of California Anthropology: Vol. 4: No. 2, Article 7. (1977)

Peter E. Palmquist
Photographing the Modoc Indian War: Louis Heller vs. Eadweard Muybridge
History of Photography, an international quarterly: Volume 2, Number 3, July 1978.

P. Pearlstein,
Moving Targets: A veteran painter argues that the nude motion studies of Muybridge and Eakins are unjustly notorious- when they should be celbrated for influencing generations of modern artists
Artnews, Vol.109, Number 11, 2011, 92-97.

David Pizzanelli,
Multiplex holograms from Eadweard Muybridge's studies of the human figure in motion.
Proceedings- SPIE The International Society for Optical Engineering, no. 2333, (1994): 156.

Rick Poynor,
All manner of life, frozen in time.
Creative Review, October 2010. (Annual photography issue.)

Sonya F. Premeaux,
Flying Horse: Eadweard Muybridge's Contribution to Motion Study.
The Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship, Oct 2003 by Sonya F. Premeaux, Assistant Professor of Management in the Department of Management and Marketing at Nicholls State University in Thibodaux, Louisiana. Copyright Nova Southeastern University, H. Wayne Huizenga School of Business and Entrepreneurship Oct 2003.
This article places on record, for the motion studies community, the contributions by Muybridge to that field, contributions not sufficiently acknowledged by Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, the 20th-century's major figures in the subject.
Free access Online here.

Phillip Prodger,
How did Muybridge Do It?
Aperture (New York), no. 158, (2000): 12-21.

Bernard Sarrut
'Filming Muybridge - Jean-Louis Gonnet 1980' (review of the film?).
2. Different. Cahiers du Cinema No.329, November 1981: 39-40.

Arthur P. Shimamura,
Muybridge in Motion: Travels in Art, Psychology and Neurology.
History of Photography, 26, Part 4 (2002): 341-350.

Thierry Smolderen,
The Photographic Dimension (2): The Muybridge/Eakins Connection, by Thierry Smolderen, 2002 [Artist A.B. Frost, Eakins, Muybridge.]
website article
Free access Online here.

G. Sumner-Smith,
Editorial - 'All students of animal motion-sooner or later find their way back to the monumental photographic work of Eadweard Muybridge.'
Veterinary and comparative orthopaedics and traumatology : V.C.O.T., 20, no. 1, (2007): I.

D. B. Thomas,
Eadweard Muybridge.
British Journal of Photography Annual 1976. [Lantern slides from Kingston collection illustr.]

J. F. Walker,
Plugging into the Past: contemporary digital artists still look back to 19th-century action photographer Eadweard Muybridge for inspiration.
Art Review (LONDON), no. Jun, (2001): 28-33.

Michael Wilson,
Fast Forward.
Tate Etc. Issue 20 Autumn 2010.
Short article about Muybridge and his photography.

Alan Wing; Peter Beek,
Motion analysis: a joint centenary.
Human movement science, 2004 Nov; 23(5): iii-iv.

Lois Wingerson,
The lion, the spring and the pendulum.
New Scientist, 27 January 1983, Vol 97 No.1342
Article about human and animal movement, illustrated with sequence images by Muybridge. Cover picture by Muybridge, coloured.

Siegfried Zielinski,
De Twee EJM's van de seriële fotografie.
FotoMuseum Magazine (Antwerp), The Flip Book Show dossier
(Province Antwerpen, 2006).

Articles pre-1970

Anonymous articles

The Magic Wheel.
Knowledge 6 January 1882, phenakistiscope of trotting horse, to cut out and use.

The Magic Wheel.
January 20, 1882 phenakistiscope of galloping horse and rider, to cut out and use.

[Report by George A. Sala].
Illustrated London News
18 March 1882, 'by the aid of an astonishing apparatus called a 'Zoopraxiscope', ......a Magic Lantern Run Mad...' etc.

Descriptions des appareils de Muybridge.
La Nature no.461[?] p.273 April 1, 1882.

Muybridge's photographs of animal motion.
Illustrated London News 25 May 1889, p.647. Royal Society lecture reported - including cover picture, an engraving adapted from the T. Walter Wilson watercolour. A montage of images based on Muybridge's photographs forms an accompanying page. This is an engraving, signed bottom right 'F. Naumann' (?). Walter Wilson's signature bottom left indicates that this artwork was produced in the intermediate form of a watercolour painting.

Experiences of Professor Eadweard Muybridge.
Optical Magic Lantern Journal February 1890. Report of an interview with Muybridge.

Les cires de Meissonier par E. Duhousset avec dessins dans le texte (le general Duroc, pose de galop d'apres Muybridge, pose des membres).
Le Magasin Pittoresque June 15, 1893 Vol. no.12.

Chiens Au Galop Obtenus par Muybridge.
L'Illustration 30 May 1896 No.2779 .

Illustrated London News
article, with photo of Zoopraxiscope. 18 July 1901 [According to Webster letter, 18 Nov 1931. Check]

Figures in Motion.
The Field February 1, 1902
includes zoetrope story. [Scrapbook?].

Interesting Story of the First Attempts at Motion Photography, Told by Joseph Thwaite, Who Assisted in the Experiment.
Motion Picture World Vol.30, October-December 1916, p.239.
Palo Alto, 1878. Thwaite claimed to have arranged the row of cameras.

Speaking of Pictures....
LIFE Magazine - October 20, 1941.
2-page photo-article with brief intro.

The Horse in Gallop.
Image: Journal of the George Eastman House Vol.1 No.4, April 1952.

Eadweard Muybridge. First Photographer of Motion.
The Times 7 May 1954, p.10.
News article: commemorating fiftieth anniversary of Muybridge's death (the next day).

The Library Company of Philadelphia
Muybridge and Zoopraxography.
The Annual Report ... 1961 (Philadelphia) 1961.

The Man Who Made the Frames Go Round
Daily Telegraph Magazine (colour supplement), Number 411, 15 September 1972, 46-49.
Three-page article coinciding with publication of MacDonnell's book on Muybridge. (Article edited by Robert Leigh).

Articles, by author

Bernard Alfieri,
The Work of Eadweard Muybridge.
American Annual of Photography 1950 Vol 64 (American Photography, Minneapolis, 1949), p.70-73.
Illustrated article, 5 photographs. Includes brief information about Alfieri's photography of the Zoopraxiscope, apparently at the end of WW2.

Bernard Alfieri,
Eadweard Muybridge. The real father of cinematography.
Courier ('Britain's Finest Magazine') Vol. 36, No.1, January 1961.
Illustrated article, 7 photographs. Includes description of the Kingston copy of the large-format Panorama of San Francisco.
STEPHEN HERBERT COLLECTION. Note: it has not been possible to establish the copyright situation for this article; it will be withdrawn on request of copyright owner.

Harrison Allen, M.D., Emeritus Professor of Physiology in the University of Pennsylvania
A Prodrome of a Memoir on Animal Locomotion
Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Pt.1 Jan-April 1887, p.60-67.

Thom Andersen,
[article on Muybridge],
Film Culture No. 41 Summer 1966.

William Armstrong,
Movement in the Plastic Arts.
The Art Journal, 1883 includes article in three parts, illustrated with historical pictures, and line drawings and silhouettes from Muybridge's photographs.

C. D. Crippen,
The Origin of Motion Picture Photography
The Horse Review Chicago 11 December 1929.

Will Day,
Memorial to Eadweard James Muybridge
The Photographic Journal v.71, November 1931, p. 419-420. (Unveiling speech, with photo).

Francis X. Dercum,
The walk and some of its phases in disease; together with other studies based on the Muybridge investigation.
Transactions of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia vol. 10, 1888.

Emile Duhousset,
Variétés: reproduction instantanée des allures du cheval...
L'Illustration 25 January 1879.

H.L. Gibson,
[article about MuybridgeÕs life and work]
Medical Radiography and Photography Vols. 23-26, 1947, pp.18 and following.

Dan Graham,
Muybridge Moments: From Here to There?
Arts Magazine, February 1967.

H. Gurtner,
Etiene Jules Marey and Edward Muybridge, Pioneers in Motion Analysis
Ciba Symposia Vol.4 Numbers 5 and 6, August-September 1942, p.1356-1359.
Illustrated article in Medical and Early Photography issue of this American journal.

Harlan Hamilton,
''Les allures du Cheval'' Eadweard Muybridge's Contribution to the Motion Picture.
Film Comment, Fall 1969.
Important article that demolishes Terry Ramsaye's acidic account of Muybridge and his work. Includes a bibliography with useful references to periodicals.

William I. Homer
Concerning Muybridge, Marey, and Seurat.
The Burlington Magazine Vol. 104, No.174 (Sept. 1962) pp. 391-392. Letter concerning article by Aaron Scharf (3 pages).

W.I. Homer and J. Talbot,
Eakins, Muybridge and the Motion Picture Process.
The Art Quarterly (Detroit) Summer 1963.

W. E. St Lawrence Finney,
Eadweard James Muybridge: A famous Kingstonian, Scientist, Inventor, Benefactor.
The Concentric (Kingston) Summer 1931.

Mary V. Jessup Hood and Robert Bartlett Haas,
Eadweard Muybridge's Yosemite Valley Photographs, 1867-1872.
The California Historical Society Quarterly, March 1963.

Walter R. Miles,
Leland Stanford and Motion Pictures
The Stanford Illustrated Review (Stanford, California ) June 1929

Walter. E. Miles,
The Stanford-Muybridge Motion Pictures of 1878-79
The Bulletin of the Minnesota Federation of Architectural and Engineering Societies, September 1929.

Beaumont Newhall,
Muybridge, Eadweard
The Complete Photographer,(National Educational Alliance, Inc) Vol. 7 1943, pp.2660-2664.
Short biographical sketch.

Beaumont Newhall,
The Horse in Gallop
Image (George Eastman House) I, 4; Apr. 1952.

Beaumont Newhall,
Muybridge and the First Motion Picture
U. S. CAMERA 1957.

Beaumont Newhall,
Eadweard Muybridge and the Motion Picture [on Contents page, but article title is actually...] Muybridge and the First Motion Picture. THE HORSE IN THE HISTORY OF THE MOVIES
Image Journal of Photography of the George Eastman House, Vol.5 No.1., January 1956
DOWNLOAD complete issue pdf

Beaumont Newhall,
Animals in Motion (Dover, 1957) Book review
Image Journal of Photography of the George Eastman House, No.58, February 1958

George E. Nitzsche,
The Muybridge moving picture experiments at the University of Pennsylvania
The General Magazine and Historical Chronicle [Philadelphia] April 1929.

Gerda Peterich,
The Human Figure in Motion (Dover 1955) Book review
Image Journal of Photography of the George Eastman House, Vol.5 No.3., March 1956

H. C. Peterson,
The Birthplace of the Motion Picture.
Sunset Magazine San Francisco November 1915. [Palo Alto account.]

Richard A. Proctor,
Photographs of a Galloping Horse.
The Gentleman's Magazine (London) December 1881.

L. F. Rondinella,
More about Muybridge's Work.
The General Magazine and Historical Chronicle July 1929.

L. F. Rondinella,
Muybridge's Motion Pictures.
The Journal of the Franklin Institute September 1929. v. 208, pp. 417-420 [an answer to the Leffman article June 1929 - the Invention of the Motion Picture].

W. G. Simpson,
The Paces of the Horse in Art.
Magazine of Art, Vol.VI, 1883. (Cassell and Company, London & New York), (multi-volume book) includes article, re: 'Stillman's photographs', Marey etc. with line drawings based on Muybridge's photographs.
[Article prompted by publication of Stillman's The Horse in Motion, and Marey's Animal mechanism. PRIVATE COLLECTION

Gaston Tissandier,
Etudes sur la locomotion animale: travaux de M. Muybridge.
La Nature August 1, 1890 No.948. With four engravings based on Muybridge photo sequences.

George E. Waring,
The Horse in Motion.
The Century Vol.XXIV, No.3, July 1882. [an extended, 8-page review of Stillman's book illustrated with drawings and silhouettes. Recognises Muybridge's contribution. 'We must see the horse on canvas as we see him in life, not as he is shown when his movements are divided by the five-thousandth part of a second.'
The Century Magazine, Vol.XXIV, No.3, July 1882. 'The Horse in Motion', review article by George E. Waring, Jnr. PRIVATE COLLECTION

Brucia Witthoft,
"Tonio Kršger" and Muybridge's "Animals in Motion"
The Modern Language Review: A Quarterly Journal, Vol. 62, No. 3, July 1967
(Modern Humanities Research Association, Cambridge, 1967).

Talcott Williams,
Animal Locomotion in the Muybridge Photographs.
The Century July, 1887, illustrated (with sequence photographs) review of Animal Locomotion.

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